St Brigid and the coming of early Spring in Ireland

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Laura Kelly-Cultural Teacher

Hi! My name is Laura and I am part of the team here at Shannon Academy of English. My experience working here has been nothing short of excellent. My role within the academy includes teaching and facilating activities and trips for our students. Our program sees a number of students

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There is a lot of debate around when the beginning of Spring officially occurs. Is it the 1st February or 1st March. The early coming of Spring dates back to Ireland’s story of St. Brigid, known as the Feast of St. Brigid. Spring marks the coming of new life and the start of brighter times ahead. Sheep are yeaning, the calving season has started, flowers are emerging, and buds appear on trees, life is essentially springing up around us.



Old St. Brigid’s day traditions in Ireland

  • A typical way to mark St. Brigid’s day is by making Rush crosses and this is a tradition that occurs to this day. It is believed that rushes were collected and brought in on the eve of St. Brigid’s day before dark. Family and neighbours would then gather together and make crosses. These crosses would then be left on the doorstep or windowsill overnight with the firm belief that St Brigid would bless each cross as she passed through during the night.


  • Another St Brigid’s day tradition is hanging out a cloth, rag or ribbon onto a tree or washing line. The colour of this item would vary yet the belief is the same. When passing in the evening after sunset St. Brigid would bless the item left out. The meaning behind this is to resemble St Brigid’s Cloak. This rag would then be kept and used for cures mainly headaches, over the next 12 months. Others would leave out rosary beads in the hope that they would be blessed in the same way.


  • Another tradition is leaving crosses out in barns and cowsheds across the country in a hope that St Brigid would protect the animals in Ireland. It was believed that these crosses would protect the animals particularly cattle from harm. To this day they can still be found in barns as they would never be thrown out. They would alternatively be left alone to naturally fall apart. Another typical place to find a St Brigid’s day cross in Ireland is over a door within the home.


The story of St Brigid’s Cloak


Brigid had a privileged life. Her father was very wealthy, yet she was not spoilt, and she was determined to share what she had with others in need. Brigid was extremely concerned about the poor people of her time and displayed great empathy and consideration towards them. She found it difficult to watch those struggling with poverty in our developing world. On speaking to her father about sharing their fortune, her father told her absolutely not and laughed at this idea. Brigid ignored her father’s wishes and handed out food items such as bread, butter and milk to anyone who passed by. Much to her father’s dismay, Brigid decided she needed to help others and set off on that quest. She met a king and pleaded with him for help. Brigid requested some of his land to build on for all the poor people. This place was in an ideal location, near a lake, in a forest where there was firewood and near a fertile plain on which they could grow crops. However, after announcing that she had no money to pay for it, the king laughed at this ridiculous request. St. Brigid was hopeful that his heart would soften and asked him again. This time St. Brigid made a suggestion ‘give me as much land as my cloak will cover’ the king laughed noticing how small her cloak was and agreed to this request. Brigid then instructed four helpers to take a corner each of the cloak and to walk in opposite directions north, south, east and west. The Cloak began to grow and grow covering many acres of land. The king was in utter disbelief but also amazed by this and believed that this woman must be truly blessed by god. The king became a patron of St Brigid’s monastery and supported her with money, food and gifts. It was on this land in County Kildare that she built her dual monastery c.470.


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